Endosulfan is an off-patent organochlorine insecticide and acaricide that is being phased out .. This inspired protests, and the pesticide was banned in Kerala as early as , following a report by the National Institute of Occupational Health. British photographer Beatriz Lopez and Peter Caton visit Kasargod district in north Kerala, whose residents have been plagued by the spraying. The nodal medical officer of Kasargod district, who played a key role in Kerala’s campaign against the pesticide endosulfan, refuses to answer.

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Employed as an agronomist by the agricultural department of her local panchayat, she observed an abnormal amount of illnesses in the community, which triggered her suspicion of chemical poisoning.

The government will now invoke the provisions of the Insecticides Act, a Central act and write a letter to the Union Government about the ban. Unable to support herself on her weak, child-size legs, she lives her life bound to her home. What if we look at examples of endosulfan sprayed elsewhere in India?

Department of Health and Human Services.

T he extent of negligence from the plantation corporation Central government owned is unclear, with innumerable stories ranging from disregarding health and safety protocol to allegations of intimidation by officials towards activists that supported the state ban in Kerala.

Psychiatric problems and suicidal tendencies have also been rising. Rasna is now living with her maternal grandmother, while Rahina is partly cared for by her paternal grandmother who lives in the family home. It is not even proven that Kasargod suffers from a higher incidence of these diseases. S umitra and her husband Ganeshrao, a plantation corporation worker, thought they had been cursed by the Serpent God Jataadhari and spent over Rs 2 lakhs on religious rituals performed at a temple.

The report concluded that presence of unusual health problems, studies confirming the biological health effects of endosulfan and finally absence of such diseases in places away from the PCK plantations, confirmed that the hypothesis of endosulfan being the cause of the health problems could in fact be true.

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This report gives the rehabilitation progress that has been made till date and the health effects of Endosulfan.

He refused to tell who his clients were or names of the pesticides he sold. Shaktivel, a year-old in Ambedkar Colony in Muthalamada, often crosses the barbed wire fence next to his house to pluck mangoes and eat them. For the Aboobekar family, the geno-neurotoxic pesticide has crippled the lives of four brothers; all born mentally retarded with slow motor skills and a disfiguring mouth malformation.

The petition states that CSE among other accused created, printed, published and circulated a defamatory study report on Endosulfan with malafide and criminal objective. Bythe issue became big enough for the Kerala government to ban endosulfan.

By this token, there are hundreds of chemicals that we use daily that show similar inconclusive signs of carcinogenicity.

Muthalamada in Palakkad district, known as the Mango city, has easy access to endosulfan through the porous Tamil Nadu border. There exists one study linking paracetamol to a higher incidence of liver cancer.

Endosulfan Industry’s Dirty War – A Chronology of events

The not-for-profit claimed to work for the welfare of the farmers and promoting the judicious use of pesticides. He said ” This is the first human study to ever measure the effects of endosulfan on the male reproductive system. If the cause of their maladies is not the pesticide, it might be an even longer wait till some scientist somewhere decides otherwise.

It takes a while for Mohammed Asheel to admit this, but he does: People, especially newborns, have suffered deformaties, health complications and loss of family members due to exposure to the agrochemical. Sharanya can talk, rather mumble, and can sit only with support. They originate in the plantations.

During the first hearing on May 2, the bench of Chief Justice SH Kapadia, Justice KS Radhakrishnan, and Justice Swatanter Kumar asked the Centre as to whythere should not be a ban on the sale and use of the pesticide against which there has been proven records of consequences on human health.

The Perla Division of Kasaragod Plantation has the Padre Village Enmakaje Panchayat which has remained the center point of endosulfan controversies for more than two decades now. Government started taking note after The district magistrate has initiated steps to curb entry of endosulfan through the border by forming a mobile squad which started work on December 1. The first question he dodges is: Bathing him requires the assistance of two people.



This is why a single study is never enough to establish a fact. Born with hydrocephalus, a rare medical condition in which there is an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain, his head has swelled to enormous proportions.

These alternatives have not only brought farmers out of the debt trap they have also preserved the ecology and brought back the pollinators.

May 2nd -3rd It is produced by Makhteshim Agan and several manufacturers in India and China. Although classified as a yellow label highly toxic pesticide by the Central Insecticides Board, India is one of the largest producers [62] and the largest consumer of endosulfan in the world. Endosulfan has been used in agriculture around the world to control insect pests including whitefliesaphidsleafhoppersColorado potato beetles and cabbage worms. Mayee committee report marked For official use only neither re-examined the FIPPAT issue nor did they re-look into all aspects that Dubey committee had ignored.


June 8th and September 4th, According to him, the CMC study is what is called a cross- sectional study—it shows association but not causation. And CSE agreed to do so as a part of its community support work.

And in hot tropical climates, endosulfan does not behave as it does in cooler endosulfwn climates.

Perhaps the biggest losers in this entire controversy are the stigmatised residents of Kasargod themselves, despite the large sums of money they have received from the government. We have asked farm workers to look for a new job if contractors force them to spray endosulfan.