Questions Response Code. Activity at Work. Q1. Does your work involve vigorous -intensity activity that causes large increases in breathing or. GPAQ: a survey tool to help practices improve their services to patients. The GPAQ questionnaire fulfills the requirements for the practice patient survey, GP. The WHO-endorsed Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) has been widely used in developing countries, but the evidence base for its.

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Validity of the global physical activity questionnaire (GPAQ) in Bangladesh

Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Hence for the sake of keeping the large sample we chose the lowest number of days. The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request. The GPAQ was developed with special consideration of key physical activity domains in developing countries and of a length and complexity suitable for inclusion in STEPS [ 11 ].

A questoinnaire study of nine Asian rural areas including Bangladesh showed that PA was lower in the middle of the harvest season and increased during the more intensive harvest period [ 39 ]. We excluded participants with chronic medical conditions that restricted their usual activity, those with mental retardation, those who were unwilling to participate and pregnant women.

Das P, Horton R. So, these could lead to overestimation questionnnaire activity levels in some domains and underestimation in others. In conclusion, the present study adds important new data on the validity of the widely-used GPAQ for estimating PA and SB levels in a low income country.

This article questonnaire been cited by other articles in PMC. Valid accelerometer data i. Global strategy on diet, physical activity and health; pp. Aguilar-Farias N, Zamora jL: Both pedometers and accelerometers are likely to underestimate the intensity of these activities despite their being moderate-intensity efforts subjectively, as well as by energy expenditure measure Ainsworth range 5METs to 8.


Data collection Six trained research assistants with a minimum of university graduation were recruited for data collection. The gold standard measurement for assessing energy expenditure are indirect calorimetry, doubly labelled water or heart rate monitoring, however, these are expensive and require technical expertise for implementation.

Accelerometers are considered as more accurate than self-report for measuring time spent in different intensities and therefore used as criterion in validation of subjective self-report questionnaires [ 22 ]. Therefore it is possible that the overall low validity in rural sample was confounded by the lack of representation of participants with graduate degree in this sample.

Compendium of physical activities: The device was worn at waist level above the hip of the left side. Plasqui G, Westerterp K. Support Center Support Center.

Validity of the global physical activity questionnaire (GPAQ) in Bangladesh

Conducting accelerometer-based activity assessments in field-based research. The study had a number of strengths as it assessed validity of GPAQ-2 both in urban and rural population which is rare in Bangladesh and in general. However, a study conducted on a Chilean population found the single question from the GPAQ had fair validity for measuring SB, though poor ability for correctly classifying individuals into tertiles or quartiles of SB [ 30 ].

Type 2 diabetes in rural and urban population: Secondly, there was good compliance with accelerometer wear and adherence to the study protocol. Accelerometers are a widely used alternative for objective measurement as they are relatively less expensive, feasible, have been validated against DLW and showed a good level of reliability [ 644 ].


Competing questionnare The authors declare that they have no competing interests. We used a triaxial Actigraph accelerometer as a reference measure for criterion validity. These might be the reasons that low PA was found to be almost similar in both urban and rural A second meeting with the same interviewer was scheduled 7 days later at which the GPAQ interview was undertaken and the accelerometer collected for data downloading.

To ensure the validity study included all grades we used questionanire advertisements and emails to staff as well as actively approaching individual workers who were less likely to have access to email or more likely to be illiterate.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Given waist worn accelerometers do not capture the typical PA in rural context; further study using a physical activity diary and a combination of multiple sensors e.

Armstrong T, Bull FC.

Discussion To the best of our knowledge this is the first validity study of the GPAQ in Bangladesh using accelerometer and also including rural population. To investigate the criterion validity we chose the Actigraph GT3X accelerometers as objective sensor-based activity monitors to provide the criterion measure. In the nine countries study, criterion validity for urban Bangladesh was assessed by pedometer, which is a less sensitive objective measure than the accelerometer used in the current study.

World Health Organization; LA designed the study. We have presented correlations for total sample and by subgroup. There are 12 different employment grades from the highest grade e. Open in a separate window. J Epidemiol Community Health.